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Species from Daisy Family, Carduoideae Subfamily: 25
Daisy Family, Carduoideae Subfamily
The Daisy (Sunflower) Family (Compositae, Asteraceae) in Finland is comprised of three subfamilies; Asteroideae, Cichorioideae and Carduoideae. As the family has so many members, the plants are presented here according to their subfamilies. Worldwide the Daisy family has 12 subfamilies. Carduoideae is the third-largest of those, with 80 genera containing 2,700 species (approx. 11% of the total family species number). The numbers in Finland are 17 and 42. Species in the family have a lot common features: the flowers are capitular and typically develop flying hairs during the fruiting stage. The main difference between the subfamilies is that Asteroideae and Carduoideae species do not (usually) contain latex, the Cichorioideae species do.
On a global scale the Daisy family competes with the Orchid family (Orchidaceae) for the title of largest (number of species) plant family in the world. The Daisy family is out in front with 33,000 species (1,900 genera), but the Orchid family is breathing down its neck with 28,000 species (900 genera).