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Iceland Poppy

Papaver croceum

  • Name also: Ice Poppy
  • Family: Poppy Family – Papaveraceae
  • Growing form: Biennial or perennial herb. Loosely tufted.
  • Height: 30–40 cm (12–16 in.). Stem leafless, brownish-haired scape.
  • Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), 5–6 cm (2–2.5 in.) wide. Petals 4, yellow, sometimes yellowish red or red, rarely white. Sepals 2, fall as flower opens. Stamens many. Pistil of several fused carpels. Flowers solitary, terminating scape.
  • Leaves: In basal rosette, long-stalked. Blade pinnately lobed, thin, bluish green.
  • Fruit: Narrowly club-like, 12–21 mm (0.48–0.84 in.) long, glabrous or sparsely haired capsule. Stigma-disc with 6–8 rays.
  • Habitat: Meadows, roadsides, landfill areas and wasteland. Ornamental, quite often an escape.
  • Flowering time: June–August.

Iceland poppy is a popular and hardy ornamental plant in rockeries, and it quite often escapes into the wild. In garden centres it is often sold under the name Papaver nudicaule, but this is actually a different species.

The majority of species in the genus Poppy favour a reasonably warm climate, but the group also includes Arctic and Alpine species. Iceland poppy’s close relatives live in cold northern parts and in the mountains of Eurasia and North America. Closer to Finland, these fell poppies grow on northern Sweden’s Pältsa Fell to the southwest of Kilpisjärvi, and Helliskogen in Norway, between Lyngen fjord and the Finnish border. Iceland poppy can be found wild almost all over Finland. Its more established stands are in northern Finland and on the other hand in the south too.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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