© Copyright: Images: Jari Peltomäki, Jouko Lehmuskallio, M. & W. von Wright: Svenska fåglar (Kansalliskirjasto, The National Library of Finland). Recording: Jan-Erik Bruun. All rights reserved.
- Name also: Common Bullfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch
- Family: Finches – Fringillidae
- Appearance: A stocky finch often seen in gardens in the wintertime. Beak strong and sturdy. Both sexes have black cap. Underparts pinkish red on male, pinkish grey on female. Distinctive broad white wing stripe.
- Size: Length 15.5–17,5 cm, weight 24–38 g.
- Nest: Usually in a low bush at a height of 0.5–5 metres. Made of small, dry twigs, lined with fine root fibres and hair.
- Breeding: 5–7 eggs laid in April–May, incubated by female for 13–14 days. Fledglings remain in nest for 12–18 days.
- Distribution: Breeds in coniferous forests. Finnish breeding population estimated at 190,000–400,000 pairs. Visits bird tables during the winter.
- Migration: Partially migratory, moving by day. Autumn migrations October–November, spring migrations March–May. Migrants mainly winter in Russia and Central Europe.
- Diet: Seeds, in summer also insects.
- Calls: A melancholy, restrained whistling “pee-yoo”. Song consists of fairly quiet babbling.
- Endangerment: Vulnerable, protected in Finland. Globally Least concern.
Male bullfinches have rosy red underparts but females’ underparts are a duller pinkish grey. Both sexes have black colouring on their heads, wings and tails (with a bluish metallic sheen), grey backs, and bright white rumps. Their beaks are thick, black and conical. Juveniles are more brownish in colouring than females, and have no black cap. Bullfinches have brown legs and irises.