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© Copyright: Images: Jari Peltomäki, M. & W. von Wright: Svenska fåglar (Kansalliskirjasto, The National Library of Finland). Recording: Jan-Erik Bruun. All rights reserved.

Crested Tit

Parus cristatus

  • Latin synonym: Lophophanes cristatus
  • Family: Tits – Paridae
  • Appearance: One of the few European passerines with a distinct crest. Back and wings greyish brown, underparts creamy white. Black bib and cheek markings, crest dotted black and white.
  • Size: Length 10.5–12 cm, weight 10–14 g.
  • Nest: In a hole (often excavated by Crested Tits themselves) a rotting tree trunk or a nest-box. Made of moss lined with wool, hair and spider’s web threads.
  • Breeding: 4–8 eggs laid April–May, incubated by female for 13–18 days. Fledglings remain in nest for 18–21 days.
  • Distribution: Breeds in coniferous forests from the south coast to Southern Lapland. Finnish breeding population estimated at 300,000–600,000 pairs.
  • Migration: Sedentary.
  • Diet: Seeds, invertebrates.
  • Calls: A clear-ringing “kilililit”.
  • Endangerment: Vulnerable, protected.

Black and white tapering crest distinctive, as the Crested Tit is one of the few European passerines with a crest. Plumage greyish brown on back and wings, underparts pale with brownish tinge. Head mainly white marked with black eye-stripe, curved black cheek stripe and a narrow black collar extending to wider bib on chin. Crested Tits’ legs are greenish grey, their short, thin beaks are black, and their irises are reddish brown.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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