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© Copyright: Images: Jari Peltomäki, Kari Pihlaviita, M. & W. von Wright: Svenska fåglar (Kansalliskirjasto, The National Library of Finland). Recording: Jan-Erik Bruun. All rights reserved.

Linnet

Linaria cannabina

  • Latin synonym: Carduelis cannabina
  • Name also: Common Linnet, Eurasian Linnet
  • Family: Finches – Fringillidae
  • Appearance: A small, slender, dark finch found in farmland. Back cinnamon brown colored in all plumages, throat beige with faint darker strips. White edges on wing and tail feathers prominent.
  • Size: Length 12.5–14 cm, weight 15–21 g.
  • Nest: Nest built low down, at a height of 0–4 m in trees or bushes with dense foliage, or occasionally on the ground. Made of twigs, roots, bark strips and dried grass, lined with down, hair, threads, cotton-like plant material etc.
  • Breeding: Lays 2–6 eggs in April. Females incubate for 11–14 days. Hatchlings remain in nest for more than 14 days.
  • Distribution: Breeds in Southern and Central Finland in farmland and suburban areas. Finnish breeding population estimated at 10,000–20,000 pairs.
  • Migration: Diurnal migrant, flies south in September–October, returning March–May. Winters in Western and Central Europe or around the Mediterranean. May occasionally winter in Finland.
  • Diet: Seeds of wild plants.
  • Calls: A dry “diu-diuk”. Song consists of lively and varied twittering phrases.

Male Linnets have grey heads, dark pink foreheads and breasts, and rich brown backs. Females are more modestly coloured, largely brownish with indistinct streaked markings. Distinguishing features include the white edges to their tails and wing feathers, visible in all plumages. Linnets have brown legs, dark brown irises, and their beaks are brown with a greyish base to the lower mandible.

Linnets appear restless and busy. Pairs stay close together during the breeding season.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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