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Gooseberry

Ribes uva-crispa

  • Name also: Common Gooseberry, European Gooseberry (USA)
  • Family: Gooseberry Family – Grossulariaceae
  • Growing form and height: Shrub. 0.5–1 m (1.5–3.5 ft.).
  • Flower: Small, ca. 1 cm (0.4 in.) across, regular (actinomorphic). Tepals 5, reddish, yellowish-green. Tepals 5, white. Stamens 5. Carpels 2, fused. Flowers borne in leaf axils singly or in groups of 2 or 3.
  • Leaves: Alternate. Fairly small, stalked. Blade deeply three-lobed, hairy or glabrous, bluish-green beneath, margins toothed.
  • Buds: Narrowly tapering, sharp-pointed. Scales glabrous–hairy-edged.
  • Fruit: Tough-skinned, reddish, yellowish, greenish, or pale, often hairy, fleshy berry.
  • Habitat: Rocky hillocks, forest margins, shores. Almost always a sign of former cultivation, or an escape.
  • Flowering time: May–June.

Gooseberry is not native in Finland, but has spread here from Central Europe. Gooseberry individuals encountered in natural habitats are always escapes dispersed by birds or signs of former habitation. Each node on the branches of this species usually bears three spines. The hairiness and colour of the berries varies greatly between different subspecies or cultivars.

The wild form of gooseberry is sensitive to a parasitic fungus, but the cultivated varieties usually tolerate it better.

The genus Ribes comprises some 150 species native in the Northern hemisphere or in the mountains of South America. In general they are monoecious shrubs, with only a few exceptions.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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