- Name also: Redleaf Rose, Read-leaved Rose
- Family: Rose Family – Rosaceae
- Growing form and height: Shrub. 1–3 m (ca. 3–10 ft.).
- Flower: Regular, large, ca. 3–4 cm (1–1.5 in.) across. Sepals five, long and slender. Carpels free, many. Stamens numerous. Flowers solitary or in 2–5-flowered racemes.
- Leaves: Alternate. Stipulate, stalked, odd-pinnate. Leaflets five to nine, 2–4.5 cm (0.8–1.8 in.) long, elliptic to ovate, serrate, purplish- or bluish-green, hairless.
- Buds: Reddish-brown, egg-shaped glabrous.
- Fruit: Almost globose, hairless, red hip containing several achenes.
- Habitat: Dryish, sparse woodland, scrub, old parks, roadsides. Often an escape.
- Flowering time: July–August.
Roses and briars (Rosa spp.) are large-flowered, prickly shrubs. Their leaves are imparipinnate. Fruits are achenes which, however, are not visible, but enclosed by the enlarged receptacle, the whole being called a hip.
The genus comprises between 100 and 250 species, depending on the defining criteria. They are distributed over the temperate regions of the Northern hemisphere. Roses have been cultivated in China and the eastern Mediterranean at least for 4,000–5,000 years.
Red-leaf rose is native to the mountains of Central Europe. It has been a fairly common ornamental in Finland since the 19th century. This species does not produce suckers. Its stems are erect and fairly tall. The slender, spreading young branches are covered in a waxy bloom. Prickles are fairly sparse, and they are slender and straight or slightly curved.