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Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris

  • Name also: Scotch Pine
  • Family: Pine Family – Pinaceae
  • Growing form and height: Coniferous tree. 15–30 m (50–100 ft.).
  • Flower: Small, lacking perianth. Male and female flowers separately in dense inflorescences called cones (or strobili). Male inflorescences yellow, soon withering. Female inflorescences reddish, globose.
  • Leaves: Evergreen, sharp-pointed, stiff, bluish-green, 3.5–5.5 cm (1.4–2.2 in.) long needles. Borne in pairs on the branches.
  • Cone: Winged seeds in a pendent cone.
  • Habitat: Dry and moist forests (in pure or mixed stands), rocky hills, eskers, bogs and swamps.
  • Flowering time: May–June.

The Pine family conifers are monoecious trees or shrubs whose tissues contain resin. They belong to the class Gymnospermae which is characterised by wind pollination, structurally simple flowers and seeds that are borne naked on the surface of the cone scales. Pines are widespread in Eurasia and North America. They are structurally further developed than other conifers. Needles are borne on short shoots and not on the long shoots like those of spruces (Picea spp.).

Scots pine is the most common forest tree in Finland. It thrives in a variety of habitats but requires plenty of light. Scots pines can become up to 400 years old. They are quite fire resistant. Sometimes one comes across old individuals which bear scars of several forest fires.

Besides timber, the Scots pine offers raw material for several other products. Tar, pitch oil, and turpentine can be made from the resin. Pine oil made from the needles is used in massage and baths and young shoots rich in vitamin C are added to medicines.

Other species of the Pine family

NOT TRANSLATED YET. Muitakin Pinus sukuun kuuluvia puita tai pensaita meillä voi tavata, ainakin pihojen ja puistojen koristeina, usein myös karkulaisina. Niitä ovat ainakin Lodgepole pine (Shore pine, Twisted pine, Contorta pine, Pinus contorta), Swiss pine (Pinus cembra ssp. sibirica), Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce), Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) and Mountain pine (Pinus mugo). Vuorimänty on meillä useimmiten pensas, muut ovat puita (joista on jalostettu myös pensasversioita). Vuori- ja kontortamännyllä neulaset ovat metsämäntymme tapaan kaksittain, muilla mainituilla viisittäin.

Other species from the same family

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