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Species from Mint Family, Lamiaceae: 38

Mint Family, Lamiaceae

Hemp-nettles, dead-nettles and many familiar herbs and culinary plants (mint, thyme, sage) are members of the Mint family (Lamiaceae, formerly known as Labiatae), which is quite large with 250 genera and around 8,000 species. The figures are somewhat more modest in Finland with around 20 genera containing almost 50 species. Globally, the largest genus is Salvia with around 900 species (of which 2 grow in Finland). The family’s common identification markers are e.g. whorled zygomorphic flowers, a bristly stem and opposite (whorled) leaves.

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