© Copyright: Images: Jari Peltomäki. Recording: Jan-Erik Bruun. All rights reserved.

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis

  • Family: Sandpipers – Scolopacidae
  • Appearance: A long-legged wader with a long, straight and very narrow bill. Reminiscent of a small Greenshank, also in flight due to evenly dark wings, white rump and white wedge-shaped marking on lower back.
  • Size: Length 22–25 cm, wingspan 55–59 cm, weight 43–120 g.
  • Nest: In a shallow depression on the ground near water, but well concealed among vegetation. Made of dry grass.
  • Breeding: 4 eggs laid May–June, incubated by both parents. No information available on duration of incubation or period until fledglings learn to fly. Fledglings leave the nest after hatching and soon learn to forage for food.
  • Occurrence: A southwestern species, but has occurred in Finland since the 1950s. Breeds along low-lying marshy shores. Finnish breeding population estimated at 0–5 pairs.
  • Migration: May be seen in Finland between May and early September. Migrates via Eastern Europe to Africa and the Middle East.
  • Diet: Invertebrates.
  • Calls: A faint and gentle “tiu”.
  • Endangerment: Endangered (globally Least concern), protected.

Marsh Sandpipers are slender, long-legged waders, larger than Wood Sandpipers but smaller than Redshanks. Their upperparts are brown with darker patterning, and their underparts are white. They have speckling on their heads and necks. Their dark brown bills are very long and needle-like. Their greenish legs extend well behind their tails when in flight, and they have a distinctive white rump which extends into a wedge-shaped patch on their lower back. They have dark brown irises.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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