© Copyright: Images: Jari Peltomäki, Kari Pihlaviita, Tuomas Lehtonen, Jouko Lehmuskallio, M., W. & F. von Wright: Svenska fåglar (Kansalliskirjasto, The National Library of Finland), Pohjolan linnut värikuvin. Recording: Jan-Erik Bruun. All rights reserved.


Turdus iliacus

  • Family: Thrushes – Turdidae
  • Appearance: A smallish thrush, with a prominent yellowish white eye stripe and reddish flanks and underwings. Chest, belly and flanks marked with dark lengthwise streaks.
  • Size: Length 19–23 cm, weight 49–79 g.
  • Nest: Nest sites vary greatly. May nest in a tree or on the ground. Nest made of dry grass and clay, lined with fine grass. .
  • Breeding: 3–8 eggs laid in April–May, incubated by both parents for 11–15 days. Fledglings remain in nest for 10–15 days. Nesting season continues until the beginning of August.
  • Distribution: Breeds in various kinds of forest habitat throughout Finland. Finnish breeding population estimated at 2–2.5 million pairs.
  • Migration: Migrates by night. Redwings leave Finland September–October, and return April–May. Winters in Western Europe and around the Mediterranean. Also sometimes seen in Finland in the winter.
  • Diet: Invertebrates, berries, seeds.
  • Calls: In flight a harsh elongated “cheeh”. Song a series of 3–6 loud whistling phrases ending in fainter twittering. Songs of birds breeding in different regions of Finland vary considerably.
  • Endangerment: Least concern in Finland, globally Near threatened.

Redwings are the smallest of Finland’s thrushes. They have uniform brown backs and upper wings. Their breasts are streaked lengthwise (Song Thrushes’ breasts are more speckled). They have distinctive yellowish white stripes just over their eyes, and striking reddish patches on their flanks and underwings. Their legs are pale brown. Their beaks are blackish brown with a yellowish base to the lower mandible. Their irises are dark brown.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family

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