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Rubus idaeus

  • Family: Rose Family – Rosaceae
  • Growing form and height: Shrub (subhrub). Rootstock perennial, aerial stems biennial. 0.5–1.5 m (1.5–5 ft.).
  • Flower: Small, regular (actinomorphic). Calyx-lobes five, longer than petals. Petals five, free, white. Carpels free, many. Stamens numerous. Long-stalked flowers form a corymb-like raceme.
  • Leaves: Alternate. Stalked, odd-pinnate, leaflet pairs two to three, three on flowering branches. Leaflets elliptic, serrate, downy-white or greyish beneath.
  • Fruit: Red, rarely yellow or yellowish-white, soft aggregate of drupes.
  • Habitat: Rocky hills, rock outcrops, forest clearings, margins of roads, fields, and forests, waterside thickets. Also cultivated, sometimes an escape.
  • Flowering time: June–July.

Raspberry belongs to the genus Rubus (brambles, blackberries) which is a large and diverse, cosmopolitan group. It is taxonomically difficult as many species hybridise. The brambles are herbs or suckering shrubs. The aerial shoots may also be creeping or scrambling, and are often prickly. The leaves are usually compound or lobed. The fruit is an aggregate of drupes. Some of the species produce economically important berries, and many of these are cultivated.

Raspberry is a suckering, nitrophilous shrub whose aerial stems are biennial, erect or somewhat arching. In its first season the prickly stem is green an unbranched, but becomes woody towards the autumn. Only in the second year it branches, flowers, and produces berries. After this the stem dies. The berries of this species are aromatic, and desired for making jam, squash, and liqueur. The dried leaves are used as a herbal medicine and for making tea.

Other species from the same genus
Other species from the same family
Flowers from the same family

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